Duolingo English Test の全19種類の問題徹底解説(サンプル解答付き)

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英語バージョンはこちら

この記事では、Duolingo English Test (DET)で出題される全18種類の質問をぞれぞれ例題と解答にて紹介したいと思います。

本題に入る前に、一つだけお伝えしたいことがあります。もちろん、この記事の例題と解答例を勉強することも重要ですが、Duolingo English Testの一番効果的な対策は実際に問題を解いて、その場でスコアと適切なフィードバックを受けることです。

アルノでは、DET全種類の練習問題を無料で提供しています。また、スコアだけでなく、単語や文法に関するフィードバックも即座に受けることができます🙂

Screenshot showing how Arno provides instant scores and feedback on your vocabulary and grammar.
アルノを使えば即座に予想得点やフィードバックを受ける事ができます!
Screenshot showing how Arno will also provide feedback on your grammar and even rewrite your answer your answer to make it sound like a native speaker wrote it.
文法や単語に関してのフィードバックや、よりネイティブらしい自然な英語への書き換えなど、得点アップに必要不可欠な機能も満載です。

Duolingo English Testの対策を始めるなら、まずはduolingo.goarno.ioでアカウント登録しましょう!

👉 読むより動画がみたいという方はこちら!

目次

  1. Read and Complete(穴埋め問題)
  2. Fill in the Blanks (単語穴埋め問題)
  3. Read and Select(単語を見て正しい英単語を選ぶ問題)
  4. Listen and Type(聞き取り問題)
  5. Read Aloud(音読問題)
  6. Write About the Photo(写真を見て文章で描写問題)
  7. Speak About the Photo(写真を見て口頭で描写問題)
  8. Interactive Writing(複合筆記問題)
  9. Read, Then Speak(問題を読んだ後、口頭で解答)
  10. Listen, Then Speak(問題を聞いた後、口頭で解答)
  11. Writing Sample(ライティングサンプル)
  12. Speaking Sample(スピーキングサンプル)

Interactive Reading(複合読解問題)

  1. Complete the Sentences(単語の穴埋め問題)
  2. Complete the Passage(抜けている文章を選ぶ問題)
  3. Highlight the Answer(質問の答えを文章内から選ぶ問題)
  4. Identify the Idea(読解問題)
  5. Title the Passage(適切な文章のタイトルを選ぶ問題)

Interactive Listening(リスニングとライティングの複合問題)

  1. Listen and Respond(リスニング問題)
  2. Summarize the Conversation(リスニング内容の要約問題)

Read and Complete(穴埋め問題)

"Read and Complete" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Read and Complete(穴埋め問題)"

だいたい4ー6問程度出題されます。

答え

The phones 4u Arena seats over 21,000 and is the largest indoor area in Europe. It has been voted International Venue of the Year and for several years was the most popular venue in the world. The sports grounds also host large pop concerts.

👉 “Read and Complete” - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

Read and Select(単語を見て正しい英単語を選ぶ問題)

"Read and Select" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Read and Select(単語を見て正しい英単語を選ぶ問題)"

同じく、だいたい4ー6問程度出題されます。

答え

正しい英単語:

  • regret
  • signature
  • deal
  • corner
  • unforgettable

存在しない英単語:

  • banic
  • unfalled
  • controde
  • fantally
  • prinanter
  • insurd
  • poid
  • strementy
  • friever
  • sharket
  • darious
  • eerses
  • parken

👉 "Read and Select" - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

Fill in the Blanks(単語穴埋め問題)

"Fill in the Blanks" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Fill in the Blanks(単語穴埋め問題)" 

いちばん最初に紹介した問題と比べて、よく似ていますが、よりシンプルな形式となっています。約6回から9回ほど出題予定。

答え

catch

👉 "Fill in the Blanks" - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

Listen and Type(聞き取り問題)

"Listen and Type" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Listen and Type(聞き取り問題)"

だいたい4ー6問程度出題されます。

答え

The museum has an incredible collection of ancient artifacts.

👉 ”Listen and Type” - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

Read Aloud(音読問題)

"Read Aloud" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Read Aloud(音読問題)"

だいたい4ー6問程度出題されます。

👉 “Read Aloud” - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

"Try Now" call to action for Arno

Write About the Photo(写真を見て文章で描写問題)

"Write About the Photo" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Write About the Photo(写真を見て文章で描写問題)"

3問出題されます。

解答例

In this photo, I see two people walking along the sidewalk, a man and a boy. They could be father and son. They appear to be having a conversation. Both of them have bags, so perhaps the father is dropping off his son at school on his way to work. There are orange and yellow leaves on the ground and they are wearing sweaters, so it is likely autumn.

👉 “Write About the Photo” - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

Speak About the Photo(写真を見て口頭で描写問題)

"Speak About the Photo" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Speak About the Photo(写真を見て口頭で描写問題)"

1問のみ提出されます。

解答例

In this photo, I see a little boy and a little girl laughing and hugging. The little boy has his hand on the girl’s head, and he is pulling her toward him. They seem to be close to one another, so either they are close friends or relatives like brother and sister. It’s not clear what has made them so happy. Perhaps it was nothing; children are often very happy like this! However, I noticed that the girl’s hair is wet. The boy’s hair is too short to tell. Perhaps they were just in the bath and that put them into a good mood.

👉 "Speak About the Photo" - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

Interactive Writing(複合筆記問題)

"Interactive Writing" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Interactive Writing(複合筆記問題)" 

1題のみ出題されます。

Part A:

In my view, the biggest advantage of being a freelance artist is the independence. You do not have a boss and therefore there is no one to tell you what to work on or how to spend your time. You are free to work on what you want, when you want. That freedom allows artists to explore their interests and take their art in new directions and to new levels.

However, an independent, freelance artist is not entirely independent. They still need to make a living by selling their art. This means that they can't make whatever they want. They have to make things that people are willing to pay for. Often, what people are willing to pay for is from what the artists may find find artistically valuable. Vincent Van Gogh is a famous, and tragic, example of this. While he was alive, he struggle to make a living off of his art. Today, however, his art is among the most valuable in the world.

Another disadvantage of being a freelance artist is that you don't have a predictable paycheck. When you work for a company, they will send you money every 2 weeks or 1 month. But as a freelancer, you could earn a lot of money 1 month but then not very much the other month. This can be quite stressful.

Part B:

I believe that freelance artists command more respect from their peers in the art community. This is because it is perceived as more difficult, and therefore those who chose that path are more committed to their art. Working for a company can be seen as "selling out."

However, working for a company likely gives you access to a large network of artists or customers. The company can facilitate introductions to all kinds of people who can help you with producing and selling your art. A company could also provide financial support for things like conferences or art markets, which helps to expose your art to many more people.

👉 "Interactive Writing" - Guide to Duolingo English Test Questions

Read, Then Speak(問題を読んだ後、口頭で解答問題)

"Read, Then Speak" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Read, Then Speak(問題を読んだ後、口頭で解答問題)"

1問のみの出題となります。

解答例

My favorite restaurant is called Nan Zhou Hand Drawn Noodle House. It is in the Chinatown neighborhood of Philadelphia, specifically on Arch Street. They serve American Chinese food of all kinds, but they specialize in hand drawn noodles, which they use in many dishes. My personal favorite are the cold peanut noodles. I go there once a month, on average. If it was closer to my house, I would probably go more often! It’s my favorite because not only is the food really good, it is also really cheap. It is the best value meal in Philadelphia in my opinion. In addition, they have very fast service, so you never have to wait long to get a table and to get your food after ordering.

👉 "Read, Then Speak" - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

Listen, Then Speak(問題を聞いた後、口頭で解答問題)

"Listen, Then Speak" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Listen, Then Speak(問題を聞いた後、口頭で解答問題)"

この種類の問題は2問出題されます。

テーマ

Talk about a memorable experience you had in nature. What about this experience made it so enjoyable for you?

解答例

A memorable experience I had in nature was when I hiked Wheeler Peak, the highest point in New Mexico. This experience was so enjoyable because it provided beautiful views. I also did the hike with classmates, and I enjoyed bonding with them during the trip.

We started our ascent in the forest. At one point, we passed through Aspen trees with white bark and bright orange leaves. On the top of the mountain, we could see countless peaks and ridges all around.

The hike was organized through my school. We spent hours and hours hiking, so we had a lot of time to talk and get to know one another. It was a lot of fun learning about everyone and making new friends.

There were also challenging parts of the hike. It was unexpectedly very cold. Some people didn’t bring jackets, so we had to share our clothing among the group. At the time, it was difficult being so cold, but it made the trip more memorable looking back.

👉 "Listen, Then Speak" - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

Writing Sample(ライティングサンプル)

"Writing Sample" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Writing Sample(ライティングサンプル)"

1問のみ出題されます。

解答例

I believe that the three most important behaviors for success in school are staying disciplined, persevering through setbacks, and being strategic.

First, success in school does not happen overnight. It's like the old adage, "Rome was not built in a day." In order to acquire new knowledge and gain new skills, you have to learn a little bit each day. This consistency requires discipline. In my personal experience, this principle was most important in my study of mathematics. I never had a big breakthrough with math. Rather, I learned it a little bit at a time.

Second, persevering through setbacks is also important. I did not get top marks on every single assignment. In fact, I often did poorly! But I never gave up. This enabled me to go from a bad mark on an assignment to a good mark on the exam, which, in turn, resulted in a high, final mark in the class.

Finally, you need to be strategic. You need to think about how you can get top marks. Which assignments or exams contribute the most to your overall grade? Which ones don't? Being strategic like this means that you can get maximum results for the efforts that you make.

👉 ”Writing Sample” - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

Speaking Sample(スピーキングサンプル)

"Speaking Sample" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Speaking Sample(スピーキングサンプル)"

1問のみ出題されます。

解答例

I decide which information is most important to focus on based on my priorities at that point in time. My professional and personal goals and interests change over time, so the information I consume will change.

During the Covid pandemic I was focused on staying healthy and preventing the spread of the virus. I focused on information coming from reliable sources like trustworthy newspapers and government agencies like the Centers for Disease Control. I avoided information that was inaccurate or talked about the politics of the pandemic, since these were not aligned with my goals.

When I started working in a technology company, I knew very little about business, and even less about technology companies. I subscribed to a number of newsletters that helped me understand this sector of the economy. I spent less time reading general news as this was less important to my professional priorities at that time.

Recently, I’ve realized that I have habits that are holding me back. Instead of reading more fun things like science fiction novels, I’ve decided to read some books about habits in order to update mine. Now that I have gained that knowledge and have put into place some changes in my life, I can return to reading more for fun.

As I change, and the world changes, I will continue to change the kinds of information that I focus on so that I can accomplish my goals and grow in the ways I desire.

Interactive Reading(複合読解問題)

Interactive Reading (複合読解問題)は一つの文章に対して5つの異なる問題から構成されています。

a. Complete the Sentences(単語の穴埋め問題)

"Complete the Sentences" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Complete the Sentences(単語の穴埋め問題)"

2問出題されます。

解答

  1. fuse
  2. trying
  3. few
  4. again

👉 "Interactive Reading" - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

b. Complete the Passage(抜けている文章を選ぶ問題)

"Complete the Passage" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Complete the Passage(抜けている文章を選ぶ問題)"

全部で2問出題されます。

解答

He realized he must have made a mistake, so he went back and checked his work.

👉 "Interactive Reading" - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

c. Highlight the Answer(質問の答えを文章内から選ぶ問題)

"Higlight the Answer" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Highlight the Answer(質問の答えを文章内から選ぶ問題)"

全部で4問出題されます。

解答

Fixing a few things around the house himself

👉 "Interactive Reading" - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

d. Identify the Idea(読解問題)

"Identify the Idea" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Identify the Idea(読解問題)"

2問出題されます。

解答

John blew a fuse while rewiring one of the outlets in his house.

👉 "Interactive Reading" - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

e. Title the Passage(適切な文章のタイトルを選ぶ問題)

"Title the Passage" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Title the Passage(適切な文章のタイトルを選ぶ問題)"

2問出題されます。

解答

John’s Electrical Difficulties

👉 "Interactive Reading" - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

Interactive Listening(リスニングとライティングの複合問題)

Interactive Listening(リスニングとライティングの複合問題)は実際の学術的な会話を真似るような形となっています。リスニングとライティングの2つの異なる問題から構成されています。

a. Listen and Respond(リスニング問題)

"Listen and Respond" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Listen and Respond(リスニング問題問題)"

合計で10問出題されます。

👉 ”Interactive Listening” - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

b. Summarize the Conversation(リスニング内容の要約問題)

"Summarize the Conversation" question type on the Duolingo English Test
Duolingo English Testで出題される"Summarize the Conversation(リスニング内容の要約問題)"

2問出題されます。

👉 ”Interactive Listening” - Guide to Duolingo English Test Question

まとめ

みなさん、この記事ではDuolingo English Testで出題される全種類の質問を紹介しました。後は、練習あるのみです!

そんなDuolingo English Testの対策には、アルノが最適です。全19種類の問題を無制限で、無料で解くことができます。さらに、ライティングやスピーキンングの問題を解くとその場でスコアのみならず、一人一人に応じたフィードバックを即座に受け取ることができます。興味のある方は、下のボタンをクリックしてアカウント登録をお願いします。